A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [CLOSE]

Monkeypox

 

This page has been automatically translated from English. MSDH has not reviewed this translation and is not responsible for any inaccuracies.

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease spread through close personal contact, including skin-to-skin. It can cause a rash or sores, and flu-like illness. The disease is rare, but is being increasingly reported in the U.S. and other countries that don't normally have monkeypox cases.

Vaccination Against Monkeypox

Eligibility

Persons 18 and older who meet any one of the following criteria are eligible for two-dose monkeypox vaccination:

  • People who have been notified by public health they are contacts to someone with monkeypox, or people who are aware of close, intimate or sexual contact with someone diagnosed with monkeypox
  • Gay, bisexual, other men who have sex with men, or transgender or nonbinary people who:
    • Have multiple or anonymous sex partners, or
    • Are living with HIV or receiving medication to prevention HIV infection (PrEP), or
    • Have been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (such as acute HIV, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis) in the prior 6 months
  • People who have had any of the following in the past 6 months:
    • Sex at a commercial sex venue, or
    • Sex in association with a large public event in a geographic area where monkeypox transmission is occurring
  • Sexual partners of people with the above risks
  • People who anticipate experiencing the above risks
  • People who are deemed at higher risk for monkeypox infection by their doctor, medical provider, or clinician.

If you think you are high risk based on this eligibility, don't wait – take action and get vaccinated now.

Where to Get Vaccinations

Monkeypox vaccinations are available from private medical providers as well as selected county health departments by appointment. See the list below for all vaccination providers and their contact information.

Free vaccinations from MSDH

Online: Schedule your appointment with our online Monkeypox Vaccine Scheduler: Get started

By phone: Call the MSDH Hotline at 1-877-978-6453 to determine your eligibility and to make an appointment for vaccination at a participating health department clinic.

How Monkeypox Is Spread

Monkeypox can spread to anyone through close, personal contact — including skin-to-skin contact such as:

  • Direct contact with monkeypox rash, sores or scabs
  • Contact with objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels), and surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox
  • Through respiratory droplets from face-to-face contact with a person who has monkeypox

Monkeypox does not spread easily without close contact.

This contact can happen during any intimate sexual contact:

  • Oral, anal, and vaginal sex
  • Hugging, massage, or touching any body part with monkeypox sores
  • Kissing and talking closely
  • Touching fabrics and objects used by a person with monkeypox, such as bedding, towels or surfaces that have come into contact with them

Transmission can occur by other types of contact:

  • Touching fabrics and objects used by a person with monkeypox, such as bedding, towels or surfaces that have come into contact with them

Many monkeypox cases have occurred among men who have sex with men, but anyone who comes into close contact with an infected person may be at risk.

Monkeypox Symptoms

Early symptoms of monkeypox are usually flu-like:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

Other symptoms usually develop a few days later:

  • A painful rash or sores, sometimes located on or near the genitals or anus, but sometimes in other areas such as the hands, feet, chest or face. These sores will go through several stages before healing.
  • Sores may be inside the body, including the mouth, vagina, or anus.

Note: Some people experience a rash or sores first, followed by other symptoms and some only experience a rash or sores.

When you can infect others: Monkeypox can be spread to others when symptoms begin and until all sores have healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed. Healing can take several weeks.

If You Have Symptoms

If you get a new or unexplained rash, especially if you have been in close contact with someone who has monkeypox:

  • Isolate at home.
  • Contact your healthcare provider for testing.

If You or Your Partner Have Monkeypox

  • Follow the treatment and prevention recommendations of your healthcare provider.
  • Avoid sex or being intimate with anyone until all your sores have healed and you have a fresh layer of skin formed.

Surveillance

For Healthcare Providers

More Information

The CDC has more information on monkeypox and protective steps.

Last reviewed on Jun 3, 2022

Related resources

More topics

pdf To view/print pdf documentation you will need Adobe Reader
Sign up for weekly public health updates by e-mail: 
Mississippi State Department of Health 570 East Woodrow Wilson Dr Jackson, MS 39216 866-HLTHY4U Contact and information

Facebook Twitter Instagram RSS

Accredited by the national Public Health Accreditation Board